In The Inferno, Dante and Virgil encounter several monsters. It seems in this story, the monsters are there to provoke fear
and warn against sinners. Dante does not need to overcome or overpower these monsters; It is more like he is on a tour of
Hell, guided along by Virgil on the way to heaven.
In all of these stories, these monsters are inhuman and threatening. But in being so, they help these various characters
find humanity. Gilgamesh is tempted to let Humbaba live when he pleads for his life, but Enkidu convinces him that he will
not keep his word. Some monsters, like the sphinx in Oedipus the King and the Odyssey, lead to an important series of events.
Because he solved the riddle and because Odysseus blinded the Cyclops, Oedipus moved along to his eventual tragic fate and
Odyessys continued on his adventures.